Are you wondering what a double-acting hydraulic cylinder is? What are the advantages of the double-acting hydraulic cylinder? If that’s true, then you are at the correct spot.
This post will provide you with all the details regarding double-acting hydraulic cylinder design, its uses, working, advantages, and much more. So, let’s begin this journey and dive deep into the world of double-acting hydraulic cylinders.
What is a double-acting hydraulic cylinder?
A double-acting cylinder has the working fluid operating on both sides of the piston at the same time. A port at either end of a double-acting hydraulic cylinder is supplied with hydraulic fluid for both withdrawal and extension of the piston.
Pumping hydraulic fluid to the plunger is possible with double-acting hydraulic cylinders. The piston rod may travel forward and backward, which is only possible because of the connection apertures located at both ends.
The additional port also gives the plunger more control during retraction and guarantees that it always returns to its starting position. Double-acting cylinders are a superior alternative for tasks that require consistent accuracy since they retract faster and more predictably.
The 12-inch stroke hydraulic cylinder, on the other hand, add further complication to the equation. Unlike single-acting cylinders, they may transmit hydraulic fluids or output forces both in the extending and retraction directions.
The piston rod can travel forward and backward through ports at both ends of the cylinder. The ports produce thrusts and conduct push and pull actions by switching which end gets the pressure.
Double-acting cylinders can handle more industrial systems since they can press and pull without external power sources. As a result, they are the most popular cylinder type available.
Benefits of using Double Acting Hydraulic Cylinder
You can get unlimited benefits if you use a 12-inch stroke hydraulic cylinder. Following are some of them mentioned below:
- They help you save a large amount of energy
- , and they are much more accurate
- , and they have good precision.
- You may also notice Push and Pull motions.
More About Double Acting Hydraulic Cylinder
The thrust, or output force, is produced in a double-acting pneumatic cylinder’s extending and retraction directions. Double-acting cylinders feature a port which is required when a load needs to be moved in both directions, such as when opening and shutting a gate.
The piston’s opposing ends are alternatively sprayed with air pressure. The positive (push) and negative (pull) strokes create propulsion when air pressure is applied.
Double-acting cylinders are generally employed when the needed thrusts and stroke lengths exceed those obtainable from single-acting cylinders. Small double-acting cylinders are also utilized in situations where both strokes must have favorable end-of-stroke locations.
Double Acting Hydraulic Cylinder Design and Working
A double-acting cylinder alternates cycles of pressurized fluid to both sides of the piston, creating extension and retraction of forces, allowing for additional control. A control system consisting of a 2-, 3-, or 4-way position valve would be needed to accomplish the necessary movement for your application.
The level of control you require vs. what you can afford to have in place determines which sort of cylinder you should use. A single-acting hydraulic or pneumatic cylinder may be your best choice if the heavy lifting is just in one direction.
It’s better to use a double-acting hydraulic or pneumatic cylinder if you’re moving an item in two directions and require complete control.
A double-acting hydraulic cylinder may be used to pull, lift, move, and hold weight. In the illustration below, a double-acting hydraulic cylinder is shown. As illustrated in the diagram, the cap end port and the rod end port of a double-acting hydraulic cylinder will each have two ports. As the name implies, a double-action hydraulic cylinder may be used in both forward and reverse directions.
One piston will be housed within a cylindrical housing in a double-acting hydraulic cylinder. When hydraulic oil is delivered to the cylinder’s cap end port, hydraulic pressure is provided to the piston or plunger, causing the piston to expand and the cylinder’s stroke to be called forward. Hydraulic oil is forced out of the rod end side and directed into the reservoir during the expansion of the cylinder piston or plunger.
The hydraulic fluid direction will be reversed with a direction control valve for the return stroke or retraction of the cylinder. During the return stroke, hydraulic oil is delivered to the cylinder’s rod end port, causing hydraulic pressure force to be exerted over the piston or plunger from the rod end side, causing the piston to retract. This cylinder stroke is referred to as the return stroke. Hydraulic oil from the cap end side is pumped out and directed into the reservoir during cylinder piston or plunger retraction.
As a result, double-acting hydraulic cylinders will be hydraulically operated in both directions, namely during extension and retraction. A double-acting directional control valve or a reversible pump can change the order of hydraulic oil flow.
Double Acting Hydraulic Cylinder Applications
Air pressure is converted into linear motion by pneumatic cylinders. They work similarly to automotive pistons, except that instead of a fuel explosion, the piston (and connecting rod) is pushed by an inflow of compressed gas. After each stroke, the piston must be restored to its starting position. A single action cylinder is one that uses a spring to return the piston. A double action cylinder is one that uses air pressure to return the piston.
Following are some of the double-acting hydraulic cylinder applications mentioned below:
- Because the bumps arrive at such a quick rate, a single-acting cylinder would be impracticable in automotive, motorbike, ATV, and aviation landing gear suspensions.
- Because the forces make single-acting cylinders impracticable, double-acting cylinders are utilized in drilling, wood splitters, and earth moving equipment.
- Backhoes, elevators, trash compactors, garbage trucks, forklifts, jacks, and the machines in junkyards that compress old cars all use double-acting cylinders.
- They’re also utilized in medical applications to power ventilators, which assist patients with breathing.
- Because of the high radiation levels in space, double-acting cylinders are increasingly being used in the space program—they open and close the shuttle bay doors—to replace electric motors with pneumatics and hydraulics.
If you also want to use a double-acting hydraulic cylinder, contact the best 12-inch stroke hydraulic cylinder manufacturers.