Alcohol consumption might be fun for beginners. However, it can quickly turn from social drinking to everyday drinking and eventually get to a point where it is entirely out of an individual’s control, with continuous cravings day and night. This article will explain what you should know about alcoholism(AUD) and how to tell if you’re an alcoholic.
Definition of Alcoholism?
The word “alcoholism” is occasionally used to refer to AUD- Alcohol Use Disorder. Alcoholism is a persistent illness, implying that the consequences of consuming liquor progressively get severe with time. Abusers of alcohol can show early signs and symptoms of addiction. The best thing to do once you experience these symptoms would be to seek drug rehab.
Signs and Symptoms Of Alcoholism
According to the American Society of Addiction Medicine (1990), alcoholism is a major chronic illness whose progression and symptoms result from psychosocial, hereditary, and environmental variables. The condition is often deadly and progresses with time.
Lack of drinking limits or control, self-absorption into drinking alcohol, continuous consumption of liquor regardless of adverse negative effects, and cognitive impairments- are some of the characteristics that ASAM linked to alcoholism.
However, we are nowadays aware that the signs and symptoms of alcoholism vary across individuals. Since the disease develops continuously, different symptoms, intensity, and effects are bound to advance.
Early Sign And Symptoms Of Alcoholism
The following are early signs and symptoms of alcoholism.
- A long-standing habit of binge drinking
- Consumption of alcohol when in potentially hazardous positions, for instance, using or operating any machinery when drunk
- Getting intoxicated regularly
- Organizing activities that revolve around the consumption of alcohol
- Thinking about alcohol a lot more
- Consuming alcohol to blackout
- The dramatic change of attitude when consuming alcohol being regularly aggressive or furious
Symptoms can get worse after some time. Whenever you keep drinking, even after your consumption gets to a point where it creates recurring concerns, you will experience progressive indicators of alcoholism. These signs and symptoms usually involve:
- Overindulging in alcoholic beverages
- Disputing that an alcohol consumption problem exists
- Consuming alcohol as soon as you wake up
- Suffering from the withdrawal symptoms of alcohol
Physical Sign Experienced By An Alcoholic
The abuse of alcohol can lead to physiological consequences. The following are among the physical indicators that you may experience when you become an alcoholic.
- You might experience the capillaries on your nose and face getting shattered.
- Dehydration effects caused by alcohol can result in fragile hairs, weak fingernails, and withered skin. Also, dehydration effects will elevate wrinkles and aging.
- A lack of hygiene
- The regular long-lasting odor of alcohol, mainly from the breath, especially after a day of excessive drinking
- Weight loss as a result of skipping meals to consume alcohol instead.
- Alcoholics can begin developing yellow skin and eyes as soon as their liver gets impaired from overdrinking.
How To Know If You’re Suffering From Alcoholism
The following is a breakdown of how medical practitioners determine AUD.
The DSM-5 specifies 11 signs and symptoms associated with alcoholism(AUD). You must have encountered at least 2 of the following symptoms in a year to be considered alcoholic( suffering from AUD).
- You frequently use alcohol in higher quantities or for extended periods than intended.
- You desire to reduce or limit your alcohol consumption, but you’re unable to on your own.
- You devote a substantial period to obtaining alcohol, consuming it, and recuperating from the side effects of your consumption.
- You’ve got a strong desire to consume liquor.
- Because of your alcohol intake, you’re unable to satisfy your duties at school, home or work.
- You’re incessant about drinking even though it negatively impacts relationships or social life.
- As a result of your alcohol usage, you stop or cut down your involvement in significant social, work-related, or leisure activities.
- You use alcohol in hazardous situations where it’s completely unacceptable. For instance, when conducting surgery, driving an automobile, or operating machines.
- You keep drinking despite having physiological or psychological issues triggered or exacerbated by drinking.
- You’re a victim of alcohol tolerance. In essence, you need more liquor to get drunk or high when consuming a similar quantity of alcohol.
- You struggle with withdrawal symptoms, or you’re abusing drugs or alcohol to stave off the symptoms.
Categories of Alcoholism In DSM-5
AUD has three categories in line with DSM-5, i.e., moderate, mild, and severe.
Mild: You may be classified with a mild case if you’ve got 2-3 of the 11 indications
Moderate: You probably have an average use disorder if you experience 4-5 symptoms.
Severe: You’ve got an extreme use disorder if you suffer from 6 symptoms or more of the eleven.